What Does WHIP Mean in Baseball and How Is It Used? – 2022

In the world of analytical tools and sabermetrics at the Major League Baseball level, baseball has become a sport of analysis. Back in the early days, all that players, coaches, and managers had to measure player effectiveness were raw numbers and nothing else. Then came stats like ERA and WHIP to mean what sets players apart in baseball.

Thus with the help of WHIP, Walks, and Hits per Innings Pitched, other fanatics can see their pitchers’ records. The number of innings pitched, walks and strikeouts, home runs, and ERA(most popular) are along with WHIP. Other stats are easy to get, but WHIP needs some explanation for most.

So all you fledgling baseball fanatics, I am here to give you that extra help. So read on and hope your fantasy baseball team gets the win.

The Origin of Innings Pitched Ratio aka WHIP

For Billy Beane to have created the division league champion teams, he needed a lot of help from statistical tools. But, reading his success in Moneyball, other teams have also started employing sabermetrics in the draft picking. So the question is, where did some of these metrics come from.

In this case of WHIP, it came from the minds of a bloody fantasy baseball player. In 1979, Danial Okrent, a writer, coined the term innings pitched ratio, which later became WHIP. Actually, he created this sabermetric to measure a pitcher’s performance.

What does WHIP mean in Baseball?

As I spelled it out initially, WHIP is an acronym that shows a pitcher’s stats. Moreover, the stat tells us how effective the pitcher was in stopping baserunners.

At the MLB level, looking a pitcher’s WHIP will indicate to the team how well he is doing at his job. As with most stats, it doesn’t work all the time perfectly. Intentional walks do go against the pitcher’s WHIP and skew the stat. But the theme’s the break since the pitcher has to listen to his manager.

Like most baseball stats, the lower the WHIP, the better the pitcher’s performance is. But, at the same time, a lower WHIP pitcher needs to get his head in the game and get strikeouts not to allow baserunners to reach base.

What does WHIP mean in Baseball by failing?

WHIP is one excellent statistical tool; it isn’t perfect. In particular, One place it fails to account for is how a baserunner got on base. As a result, WHIP falls in recording hit batters, errors, and intentional walks.

An excellent example of WHIP failing is seeing a hitter walking like a batter hitting a double.

Let’s start to see the video.

For a better understanding, we need to learn how WHIP is calculated.

How a Pitcher’s WHIP is calculated?

In the first place, I mentioned that ERA gives me some trouble, but that isn’t the case for WHIP. To be honest, WHIP is one of my favorites since it’s so easy to calculate. All WHIP requires is adding up the Base on Balls(BB) or walks with the Hits allowed(H) and dividing the number with total Innings Pitched(IP).

Here is an easy to see interpretation:

WHIP = (BB + H)/IP

whip image
whip image

Now that you learned what the formula looks like, let’s put it to the test.

Let’s see if Bob, our imaginary pitcher, had a good season. Bob gave out 55 walks while getting 215 good cracked hits and pitched a total of 210 innings. Adding up the BB and H, we get 270 and divide it with the 215 IP. We get a WHIP of 1.28. Good job, Bob.

What does a Good WHIP mean in Baseball?

If we want to understand if Bob did good or not, we need to set a benchmark. Presently WHIP is a stat that changes with each pitch, so be prepared for the WHIP to go up and down for your favorite pitcher.

A pitcher with a higher WHIP won’t be winning any games. But, on the other hand, a WHIP with a low ERA doesn’t come around often.

According to Fangraphs, from 1901 to now in 2022, we have a solid understanding of a good and bad WHIP.

Rank

RANGE

Excellent

≦ 1.00

Above Average

1.01-1.29

Average

1.30

Below Average

1.31-1.49

Horrific

≧ 1.50

Using the chart above, we can see that Bob, with his WHIP of 1.28, is above average in the MLB standard.

All-Time Best WHIP

Jacob deGrom

Below I have compiled, with the help of baseball reference, a table that shows the best WHIP record baseball history. Some of the records in the table are out of this world!

The Best WHIP

Rank

Name

ERA

1

Ed Walsh

1.816

2

Addie Joss

1.887

3

Jim Devlin

1.890

4

Jack Pfiester

2.024

5

Joe Wood

2.030

All-Time Worst WHIP

Just like good WHIP, there is also bad WHIP. Below is a table showing MLB’s all-time worst WHIP. There are many players included here from MLB teams such as New York Yankees and Boston Red Soxs.

The Worst WHIP

Rank

Name

WHIP

1

Frank Wurm

18.000

2

Jimmy McAleer

15.00

3

Dennis Konuszewski

12.000

4

Ricky Pickett

10.500

5

John Mabry

10.000

Which is Better: WHIP vs. ERA

Interestingly both ERA and WHIP are baseball statistics but showcase completely different aspects of the pitcher.

ERA considers how many earned runs a pitcher gives up in the total number of innings he pitched. Firstly Earned runs can be either base grabs or home runs. Secondly, Unearned runs happen due to most errors but aren’t counted in ERA. So ERA, in the end, just looks at how many baserunners reached home.

WHIP, however, does count unearned runs and can be an issue for the pitcher. WHIP is used to see if a pitcher does his job of not allowing the other team to score. In a jam when the other team can get on all the base, thus ERA will rise, but runs won’t be scored with double plays and strikeouts.

This will keep the WHIP low and make the pitcher look very effective. As I stated above, both ERA and WHIP have similarities and will connect. Finding an MLB pitcher with a low WHIP and a high ERA is hard. At the same time, this kind of pitcher is rare and possesses the unique ability to get outs.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

What makes a good WHIP score?

According to multiple sources in 2022, we have determined that a WHIP score of 1.30 to 1.01 is the best while any above 1.50 is horrible.

Are there more stats for pitchers only?

There are many other statistics that are meant for pitchers only. For example, the basic ones are strikes, wins, and losses. There are others like ERA and FPS as well.

How to keep my WHIP score low?

To keep your WHIP as low as possible what you need to do is rather simple. This stat tracks your walks and hits so you need to lower the number of walks and hits while keeping the number of strikes as high as possible.

What does WHIP stand for in baseball?

what does WHIP mean in baseball? Well, it is an acronym that stands for Walk, Run per Innings Pitched.

Concluding the Game

In recent years baseball analytics or sabermetrics has become an integral and enjoyable part of the game. WHIP is just one tool used to measure a pitcher’s effectiveness with walks and hits per innings, but it’s a convenient tool. Disregarding name tools like WHIP does mean what many pitcher hopefuls wish for in baseball.

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